Geographic Location & Climate

Geography

Location: Dubai is situated between 25°16′ North and 55°18′ East. It lies on the eastern coast of the Arabian peninsula to the south-west of the Arabian Gulf, with a coast of about 72 km length.

Dubai is the second largest emirate, after the emirate of Abu Dhabi, and covers an area of 4.114 square kilometers, equivalent to 5% of the total area of the UAE.

Known as the capital of UAE’s economy, Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi in the south, Sharjah in the northeast, and the Sultanate of Oman in the southeast.

Population: The emirate of Dubai has the highest population density in the UAE. According to the 2013 census conducted by the Statistics Centre of Dubai, the population of Dubai is approximately 2,269,000; of whom 214,000 UAE nationals and the rest foreigners, equivalent to 9.5% of the total population.

Topography: Dubai lies directly within the Arabian Desert. However, the topography of Dubai is significantly different from that of the southern portion of the UAE in that much of the city’s landscape is highlighted by sandy desert patterns, while gravel deserts dominate much of the southern region of the country.

Climate

Located in the northern desert belt of Southwest of Asia, Dubai’s tropical desert climate features:

  • Summers are extremely hot and humid with an average high around 41.8 °C and overnight lows around 29.7 °C. Most days are sunny throughout the year. Winters are warm and short with an average high of 23 °C and overnight lows of 14 °C.
  • Precipitation has been increasing in the last few decades with accumulated rain reaching 87.3 mm per year. Most of the rainfall occurs during winter (January 15 mm – February 31 mm – March 18.9 mm).
  • Due to the Arabian Gulf’s shallow waters, humidity is high in Dubai with annual average of 59% to reach its peak in January and February, registering 65%.
  • Most of the year, a low-pressure area develops over Dubai forcing northern and northwester winds.